Occupational Health and Safety
Occupational health and safety (OHS) is a field concerned with the safety, health and welfare of people at work. OHS play an important role in all sections of industries, business and commerce. This influences all types of work irrespective of what type of work field it is.
Obstacles and Incentives of OHS
There are many restrictions for acquiring a good standard of occupational health and safety which includes the following:
- pressure of production or performance targets
- financial constraints
- the complexity of the organisation
These obstacles can be overpowered by maintaining the powerful incentives like:
Advantages of OHS
‘Corporate Responsibility’ is a term used to describe the social, economic and environmental impacts that an organisation or business can cause to the society and business. Health and safety is an important corporate responsibility issue in the workplace as concentrates on the impacts of an organisation’s business on the people and environment. According to the UK Health and Safety Executive(HSE), successful management of health and safety is necessary for the workers’ wellness and it also improves the financial status of the company or organisation along with its reputation.
Statistics of Occupational Accidents and Diseases
International Labour Organisation (ILO) considers health and safety management systems as an effective way in order to sustain a healthy and safe work environment since there are 270 million occupational accidents and 160 million occupational diseases every year throughout the world leading to approximately 2 million deaths each year.
Important Definitions of OHS
- Health : conserving people’s minds and bodies from occupational disorders.
- Safety : refers to defensing workers from physical injuries.
- Welfare : providing the workers with resources and facilities helping them preserve their health and well-being at workplace.
- Occupational or work-related ill-health : associated with physical and mental disorders that could happen at workplace.
- Environmental protection : organizing the workplace in such a way that would help to prevent the workplace activities from causing any destruction to the environment.
- Accident : any unexpected happening or occurrence followed by injuries or causing harm to the people or workers or destruction of properties or a business loss.
- Near Miss : any occurrence or happening that is capable of causing an accident.
- Dangerous Occurrence : a serious damage or trauma that is generally referred by the term “near miss”.
- Hazard : referred to something with the ability to cause harm.
- Risk : probability of something that has the ability to cause harm or a hazard.
Therefore, occupational health and safety of workers should be of great significance and value in any area of industry, business and commerce since workers are the foundation of any work field.